遠東高中英文字彙複習 BOOK I Lesson1- Lesson 5
(1) At lunchtime, most high school students sit and eat with their friends. They often stay in the same group, and seldom talk to other students they do not know well. With this in mind, schools in the United States encourage students to get to know others outside their own group. They hold special events called Mix-It-Up days.
On a Mix-It-Up day, students are asked to eat lunch with students from outside their circle of friends. Teenagers may not have much experience of meeting new people. So, this event gives them a chance to learn new social skills. The school cafeteria is the most popular place for students to relax and chat, and is the best choice for this type of activity.
Some schools use a number system to decide who sits with whom. Students pick a table number from a hat, then go and eat with anyone else on the same table. They are asked to be nice and friendly to everyone, and introduce themselves to those they don't know.
Most students say they enjoy Mix-It-Up days. They see them as a good way to meet new people, even though they usually go back to eat with their own friends afterwards. As one tenth grader says, "You get a chance to broaden your horizons, and you learn to stop judging people by how they look. "
1. Mix-It-Up days are usually held ----.
(A) on school campus. . .
(B) at school cafeterias
(C) in school gyms. . .
(D) in fancy restaurants
2. On a Mix-It-Up day, students are asked to ----.
(A) bring their own lunch boxes. . .
(B) sit with anyone teachers assign
(C) introduce themselves to the guests invited to this event
(D) be kind and get along with others outside their groups
3. Before students really get to know someone they don't know well, they often ----.
(A) judge that person by his appearance. . .
(B) show their goodwill to him
(C) invite him to share a table with them . . .
(D) laugh at him
4. A student in grade ten thinks of Mix-It-Up days as ----.
(A) a chance to have lunch with more people
(B) something that wastes his time and breath
(C) a good way to help him gain experience and know more about things
(D) an opportunity to relax and chat with others he knows well
5. The reason for having Mix-It-Up days is ----.
(A) that most students feel the need to improve their social skills
(B) to hold special activities for students and parents
(C) to help students quickly get to know one another
(D) that schools have limited numbers of tables in cafeterias
There is an old saying: "A smooth sea never made a good sailor. " It means good sailors learn their skills when the weather is bad and the sea is rough. The same is true in other areas of life. Successful people become successful because they face difficulties, which they learn from. In fact, we never become strong if life is too easy.
What else makes people successful? Well, one step is learning not to spend too much time on the wrong things. If we realize that there are many things that are good in our lives, we can stop our problems from getting too big. We should also remember past success, especially when we are in bad situations. It reminds us we have the strength to succeed.
Besides, we must always keep our goals in sight. As we perform our daily tasks, such as doing assignments, reviewing class work, and preparing for tests, we can tell ourselves how we will feel when our efforts are rewarded. This will make us want to continue trying, and it will also help us to keep a positive attitude. If we really want to succeed, we become better at solving problems.
1. The writer of this passage would probably agree that ----.
(A) success does not depend on solving problems
(B) facing challenges can help make you successful
(C) most sailors prefer the weather to be very bad
(D) the best place to learn to sail is on a calm sea
2. Why is having difficulties a good thing?
(A) They make things smooth.
(B) You can learn from them.
(C) You don't need new skills.
(D) They don't change your life.
3. If you followed the advice in the second paragraph, you might ----.
(A) worry about money all the time
(B) find your problems getting bigger
(C) remember things you are good at
(D) give up doing your assignments
4. When do we know we have the strength to succeed?
(A) When a problem is difficult enough to give us a challenge.
(B) When we do not have any goals to keep in our sight.
(C) When we spend too much energy on doing what is wrong.
(D) When we have already succeeded at something in the past.
5. We can guess from the last paragraph that the passage was written ----.
(A) long ago
(B) by a rich man
(C) with sadness
(D) for students
< 3> Though the world's population is increasing, a growing number of couples in developed countries are choosing not to have children. Couples without children are usually more educated and more likely to have a professional career than parents. "I like my life," says Cathy Rhodes, a 39-year-old business manager in the United States. "I love my career and I'm not willing to give that up. " This attitude used to be uncommon, but more and more couples are saying no to kids. In 2000, nearly one in five American women aged 40 to 44 had not had a child. Of course, this included women who were unable to have children, but it is clear that couples no longer feel that they have to have children.
There are some advantages to not having children. Couples without children have a better married life and more freedom. They also have more money to spend. There are some disadvantages as well. Some couples feel lonely when they reach old age and may regret not having any children to take care of them if they become ill. In addition, countries with fewer children will face economic problems as the population gets older and smaller. Couples who remain childless may also run into problems with their own parents who may feel upset that they will not have grandchildren.
Childless couples are considered unusual in many cultures. That does not bother Carol and Paul Wilcox. "We love to have children around, but just not all day, every day," said Carol. "We're quite happy to play with our relatives' kids and then send them back to their parents. "
1. How are parents different from couples who have no children?
(A) They are less educated.
(B) They live in developed countries.
(C) They are more professional.
(D) They have a better married life.
2. In the past. it was ----.
(A) possible to choose which type of child to deliver
(B) a tradition to have a baby before marriage
(C) unusual for couples to have children
(D) not common for married people to decide against having children
3. According to the passage, in 2000 ----.
(A) one in five American women had a child when they were 40 to 44 years old
(B) four out of five 40- to 44-year-old women in the U. S. had given birth to a child
(C) 80% of women in America aged 40 to 44 years old told their husbands they did not want to have a baby
(D) 20% of 40- to 44-year-old career women in the United States were unable to have children
4. Although childless couples have more money to spend, ----.
(A) some of them wish later on that they had had children
(B) they are not usually as happy as parents
(C) their marriages do not last as long as people with children
(D) they lack the freedom that parents enjoy
5. Carol and Paul Wilcox ----.
(A) would love to have children of their own one day
(B) are considered unusual because they do not want to have children
(C) have to act like they are parents
(D) do not have any relatives who can take care of their kids
Karl: Hello Amy, I'm glad to see you. Isn't it a beautiful morning?
Amy: Oh, hi Karl. I didn't notice the weather. I'm too worried.
Karl: What are you anxious about? Is everything OK at home?
Amy: Yes, my mom and dad are fine. In fact, they are great. They are so delighted that I got into a good senior high school.
Karl: Well, aren't you pleased about that? I mean, my parents would have been very happy if I was smart enough to get into that school.
Amy: Yes, I am happy, but I also feel scared. It's a good school and the students are good. What happens if I'm not good enough?
Karl: Oh Amy, that's not something to get too stressed about. Don't you think all the other students are nervous, too?
Amy: Well, yes, I guess so.
Karl: The reason you got into that school is because they think you ARE smart enough. Trust me, everything will be fine. Stop feeling so miserable.
Amy: Ok, I'll try.
(One month later)
Amy: Hey Karl, how are you?
Karl: Pretty good. How about you?
Amy: Great! I'm having such a good time at school. I mean, of course, I feel miserable if I get a bad test score or something, but most of the time school is fun. I've met so many nice people and I've learned so much.
Karl: See, I told you everything would be fine. Everybody feels a little nervous before they start something new.
Amy: Yes, I'm so glad we had that conversation a month ago. I was feeling really blue and you cheered me up a lot. How can I pay you back?
Karl: Forget it! I felt the same way before I went to senior high school and someone had the same conversation with me. I'm just passing it on!
Amy: Well, thanks again. I really appreciate it.
註 miserable adj. 悲慘的；糟糕的 pay sb. back 報答 appreciate v. 感激
1. How did Amy's parents feel about her going to senior high school?
(A) They were worried about Amy's grades.
(B) They felt very proud of themselves.
(C) They were very happy about it.
(D) They gave Amy lots of pressure.
2. What was Amy's greatest worry?
(A) That there would be too many tests in the school.
(B) That she wouldn't have enough time to study all the subjects.
(C) That she wasn't good enough to compete with others.
(D) That her parents would feel disappointed if she should fail.
3. Why would Karl know how to cheer Amy up when she felt bad?
(A) He was a top student in his school.
(B) He had received similar advice before.
(C) He went to the same senior high school.
(D) He never worried himself over anything.
4. What does the term "passing it on" probably mean in the passage?
(A) giving it to others
(B) forgetting about it
(C) thinking about it
(D) keeping it in mind
Helen Keller was a normal baby until she was 19 months old. She was attacked by a fever and became blind and deaf. She lost her natural ability to speak as well. She was lost in a dark and silent world. At the age of seven, a determined teacher, Miss Anne Sullivan, was invited to try to reach Helen's lonely life. It was she that opened the outer world to Helen. She was taught to spell and write. Her world changed. She also attended Harvard's sister school Radeliffe College and graduated with honors in 1904. There after she spent her time writing and lecturing. She died at the ripe age of 87, on June, 1968. It is hard to imagine a life which began so crippled but ended so fully and brilliantly. Helen Keller's life has been an inspiration for millions of people. Whenever you feel depressed, take a moment to remember how much Helen accomplished with so little, and how much you can accomplish with what you already have.
1. Helen graduated from college at the age of ----.
2. Helen devoted herself to writing and teaching for ----.
(A) half a century
(B) a decade
(C) more than sixty years
(D) nearly a century
3. Who changed Helen's world greatly in her childhood?
(A) Her parents.
(B) Her family.
(C) Helen herself.
(D) Miss Anne Sullivan.
4. Helen was stricken blind and deaf ----.
(A) when she was about one and a half years old
(B) ever since she was born
(C) after she entered college