遠東英文 BOOK I Lesson 5 – Lesson 8 字彙複習 ＋ （文法）名詞
< 1> Everywhere you look there are signs: in shop windows, in the street, in offices, outside churches. Signs can be very funny. For instance, in a New York restaurant window there was a sign which read, 'Open seven days a week (except Mondays)'. Here is another example of a funny sign, this time on the door of a repair shop, 'We can repair anything.' Written below that were the following words, 'Please knock on the door - the doorbell is broken.' Sometimes signs are funny because the English is wrong, giving the sign another meaning. For example, in an air ticket office in Copenhagen, Denmark, there was a sign which read, 'We take your luggage and send it in all directions.' Some signs are supposed to be funny because they get the message across better. At a zoo in Australia, there is a sign which reads, 'Visitors who throw things at the crocodiles will be asked to go in and get them.' This sign is funny as well as practical. While some signs are funny, others are just silly. On a highway in Kenya there is a sign which reads, 'No entry when this sign is underwater.' Or what would you think if you came across a poster like this one? 'Are you an adult that cannot read? If so, we can help.' What can we learn from these funny signs? You have to be careful when using English for signs. First, the sign may be confusing. Second, the sign might have an entirely different meaning.
( ) 1. Sometimes a sign can be funny because _______.
(A) no language is necessary to understand it
(B) it is so confusing
(C) you cannot help but laugh at it
(D) the English is not right
( ) 2. What does the sign at the zoo in Australia mean?
(A) It is safe to go in and take things from the crocodiles.
(B) People must not throw things at the crocodiles.
(C) Visitors are warned against looking at the crocodiles.
(D) The crocodiles are not dangerous.
( ) 3. Which of the following signs would you recommend to replace the one in the New York restaurant window?
(A) "Closed, except Tuesdays and Sundays"
(B) "Open every six days, including Monday"
(C) "Open Tuesday to Sunday"
(D) "Open 24/7. Closed on Monday"
( ) 4. What is funny about the sign on a highway in Kenya?
(A) It should have the international 'No Entry' symbol on it instead.
(B) If the sign was underwater, drivers would not notice it.
(C) There is not supposed to be water on the highway.
(D) The sign should indicate when it will be underwater.
( ) 5. According to the passage, signs in English _______.
(A) are silly as well as practical
(B) can be very funny
(C) are very confusing
(D) should be funnier to get the message across
One day, Robin Hood said he wanted to visit the church in Nottingham alone. His men thought this was dangerous, and asked him to take some of them along. But Robin would not listen. When Robin entered the church, he was recognized by a rich merchant. The merchant warned the Sheriff of Nottingham that the King's enemy was here, and the city gates were shut. The Sheriff's soldiers came. Robin killed four of them before they captured him.
When they heard about Robin's capture, his men were worried. But only Little John would go to Nottingham to try and rescue Robin. On the way, he met a King's soldier. The man was traveling to Nottingham to take Robin back to London, where the King would have him killed. Little John killed the man, took his clothes, and went to Nottingham. He told the Sheriff he had come to take Robin Hood to London. Seeing Little John's size, the Sheriff did not fear Robin's escape from this "soldier", and let them go. Little John tied Robin to a horse, and they left Nottingham. Outside the city walls, Little John freed Robin, and changed out of the soldier's clothes. Robin Hood saw that his friend had saved him, and they rode back to the forest.
( ) 1. Why didn't Robin Hood's men want him to travel to Nottingham alone?
(A) They wanted to see the church as well.
(B) They thought he would get into trouble.
(C) They thought he didn't like the church.
(D) They knew a merchant was in the city.
( ) 2. Robin Hood was captured because _______.
(A) he didn't know how to fight
(B) the Sheriff saw his face
(C) the city gates were closed
(D) someone knew who he was
( ) 3. How many men are killed in this story?
(A) Three. (B) Four. (C) Five. (D) Six.
( ) 4. We can guess from the story that Little John is _______.
(A) a big strong man
(B) Robin Hood's enemy
(C) the Sheriff's friend
(D) a King's soldier
( ) 5. How did Little John save Robin Hood?
(A) By making the Sheriff think he was someone else.
(B) By killing the Sheriff and his soldiers in the city.
(C) By playing a trick on the King in Sherwood Forest.
(D) By opening the city gates and running to the forest.
Every year in the United States, around 200 people are killed and 29,000 hurt in road accidents with animals. The cars and trucks they are driving crash into wild animals and pets that have wandered onto a road. While this situation is bad for drivers, it's getting worse and worse for the animals. More than 65,000 deer were killed in Michigan in 2002. On a two-mile part of Highway 441 in Florida, 3,356 dead animals were found in one year. These included 1,291 snakes, 1,333 frogs, 374 turtles, 265 birds, 72 mammals, 29 alligators, and 1 unlucky lizard.
When drivers are killed by crashing into deer, in most cases the driver slows down for one deer, then speeds up and hits another. In the fall, young deer are as big as their mothers. But they are still young, and still follow their mothers. Females often have two fawns, so drivers who see one deer should slow down and look for more.
For every dead animal lying on the road, three or four more die unseen. Badly injured, they crawl off and die away from the road. In fact, there is no way of knowing how many animals get hit every day by vehicles.
( ) 1. What is this passage mainly about?
(A) The various dangers of driving in America.
(B) The causes of road accidents in America.
(C) North American animals and their habits.
(D) Animals getting killed on American roads.
( ) 2. We know from the passage that _______.
(A) there are more pets than wild animals in the United States
(B) American roads are increasingly dangerous for animals
(C) most traffic accidents in America are caused by animals
(D) more than 29,000 Americans a year die in road accidents
( ) 3. How many dead frogs were found on part of Highway 441 in one year?
(A) 3,356. (B) 2,002. (C) 1,333. (D) 1,291.
( ) 4. The word "fawns" in the second paragraph probably means _______.
(A) accidents (B) mothers (C) car drivers (D) baby deer
( ) 5. Why is it impossible to know exactly how many animals are killed by vehicles?
(A) Not all animals die on the roads.
(B) There are too many of them to count.
(C) The roads are crowded with cars.
(D) Some animals are too small to see.
<4> Most people, when cooking a new dish, follow a recipe (食譜). But have you ever wondered how top chefs (主廚) cook? How do they make so many amazing dishes? Do they remember lots of recipes that took them years to learn? In fact, they don't need to.
Of course, there are famous recipes that every chef learns. But a good chef can work without them because he understands the basics of cooking. A good chef knows what ingredients are made of and how they react when cooked. In short, he understands the science of cooking. And so can you.
After you learn the science of frying, roasting, grilling, braising, and so on, all you need to know is what type of meat you are cooking. Then you can decide which method is best. With fruits and vegetables, if you know how they react to heat, acid (酸), oil, water, sugar and salt, you know enough to make a thousand different dishes.
So, a good understanding of your ingredients will open new doors in cooking. These doors will always be closed for someone who only uses recipes. Learn the methods and processes of food science, and you too can become a creative cook and win the admiration of your family and friends.
( ) 1. This passage does NOT tell us how _______.
(A) chefs do their work
(B) chefs make a good salad
(C) to become more popular
(D) to improve your cooking
( ) 2. What does the writer of the passage say about good chefs?
(A) They do not need to be creative.
(B) They cook very simple dishes.
(C) They must learn many recipes.
(D) They do not rely on recipes.
( ) 3. How can you become a creative cook?
(A) By studying for many years.
(B) By knowing basic food science.
(C) By using the best recipes.
(D) By learning from a top chef.
( ) 4. We know from the passage that grilling and braising are _______.
(A) cooking methods (B) types of recipe
(C) slow processes (D) reactions to oil
( ) 5. The passage says that people who only cook with recipes _______.
(A) can open the door to better cooking
(B) will find it hard to make new friends
(C) cannot learn to be creative with food
(D) only learn the basics of food science
When I was a child, my parents started a new business. They didn't have much time to take care of my sister, my brother, and me. They were busy working and spent a lot of time in other countries. Whenever they were away, they sent us to our grandfather's house.
Grandpa was a fruit farmer who lived on the side of a mountain. We loved staying at his home because the air was so fresh and the scenery so beautiful. There was no air or noise pollution. We could smell the flowers and the grass when we breathed. When we got up in the morning, we could hear the birds and insects all around.
There was a yard in front of Grandpa's house. We played games and ran around the yard. There were also many fruit trees and a small river not far away. You could see fish and tiny shrimps in the clear mountain water. We liked to take our shoes and socks off and play in the cool river.
We made up games to play whenever we were at Grandpa's house. I remember one time we had recently seen a movie about Robin Hood. He was a hero who robbed the rich and helped the poor. We acted in our own Robin Hood story, and I played Robin, of course. That is one of the best among hundreds of happy memories of my childhood.
( ) 1. The author's parents couldn't be with him because they ______________.
(A) liked traveling and went to different places
(B) spent much time looking after their parents
(C) had to do business and were often abroad
(D) didn't like children very much
( ) 2. When the parents were away, the children ______________.
(A) stayed at home alone (B) were sent to the nannies
(C) asked their grandparents to come over (D) stayed at their grandparents'
( ) 3. The children's grandpa ______________.
(A) made a living by making up stories (B) grew fruit trees
(C) lived by the beach (D) caught shrimps for them
( ) 4. There was ______________ in the place where Grandpa lived.
(A) noise from heavy traffic (B) a small and clear river
(C) a back yard (D) no movie theater
( ) 5. Which of the following is NOT true?
(A) The author had lots of happy memories of childhood.
(B) The author's sister would like to play the role of Robin Hood.
(C) The children liked to play in the river barefooted.
(D) The author made up their own games and stories.
1.( ) It takes time and patience to _____ with the people whose opinions are completely different from ours.
(A) communicate (B) compose (C) follow (D) discover
2.( ) This store stays open _______ ten o'clock at night.
(A) though (B) else (C) then (D) till
3.( ) I kept asking her if she had taken my things, but she made no _______.
(A) reply (B) stare (C) detail (D) silence
4.( ) According to the _______, you can be fined NT$3,000 for what you did.
(A) regulations (B) necessities (C) situations (D) communications
5.( ) You must _______ the water for fifteen minutes before it is safe to drink.
(A) boil (B) allow (C) shed (D) happen
6.( ) I _______ you think I'm going to do your homework for you; well, you're wrong!
(A) reply (B) whisper (C) suppose (D) point
7.( ) Be careful in crossing the street; _____, you will probably be hurt by a car.
(A) however (B) furthermore (C) although (D) otherwise
8.( ) The Amazon is a very _______ river; in places you cannot see the other side.
(A) silly (B) stern (C) far (D) wide
9.( ) You shouldn't _______ at people because it makes them feel uncomfortable.
(A) rob (B) shake (C) steal (D) stare
10.( ) He forgot to _____ the door, so we could enter the house without a key.
(A) dial (B) quit (C) lock (D) reach
11.( ) Mom's cooking always has a wonderful _______, no matter what she makes.
(A) compound (B) molecule (C) science (D) flavor
12.( ) Since he is unable to hear and speak, I can _____ with him only by writing and by body language.
(A) research (B) explain (C) express (D) communicate
13.( ) I'm _______ about what you want me to do, so please explain clearly.
(A) ridiculous (B) ready (C) silent (D) confused
14.( ) I couldn't get a ride with anyone, so I came by bus _______.
(A) instead (B) across (C) else (D) though
15.( ) Many important things were invented during the 20th _______.
(A) merchant (B) robbery (C) cough (D) century
16.( ) In different _____ of China, the Chinese speak different dialects.
(A) rules (B) areas (C) styles (D) tones
17.( ) Maybe someday human beings will be _______ by machines.
(A) indicated (B) wandered (C) replaced (D) relied
18.( ) That road _______ says the lake is only five miles away.
(A) traffic (B) highway (C) sign (D) deer
19.( ) I've got a sore throat and a runny nose, and I am _______ a lot as well.
(A) playing (B) wearing (C) coughing (D) noticing
20.( ) A horseshoe is a _______ of good luck in some countries.
(A) luggage (B) symbol (C) warning (D) motel
21.( ) The cat climbed up on to the _______ of the house.
(A) poet (B) verse (C) roof (D) field
22.( ) Remember to turn off the _______ when you put gas in your car.
(A) robber (B) whisper (C) engine (D) friar
23.( ) Thelma felt great _______ when she passed the exam.
(A) joy (B) swing (C) beast (D) mind
24.( ) Please _______ the pizza into six pieces and give one to everyone.
(A) communicate (B) divide (C) award (D) celebrate
25.( ) Your _______ is 39.2 degrees, so you have a fever.
(A) ingredient (B) temperature (C) allowance (D) onion
26.( ) The information you want is _______ on this Web site.
(A) regular (B) narrow (C) successful (D) available
27.( ) I take great _______ in spending time with my friends.
(A) mirror (B) delight (C) poem (D) mermaid
28.( ) The letter was nothing important, so I _______ it into the trash.
(A) invited (B) tossed (C) increased (D) caught
29.( ) I am very interested in chemistry and physics, and would like to be a _______.
(A) scientist (B) solution (C) container (D) protein
30.( ) Whenever we go into a public place, the first thing we should do is to find where the _______ is.
(A) exit (B) couch (C) brick (D) means
31.( ) There are two ________ to the house. You can get into the house either way.
(A) skeletons (B) treasures (C) entrances (D) pumpkins
32.( ) My father had _____ me not to climb the mountain in such bad weather. I should have listened to him.
(A) warned (B) argued (C) carved (D) grabbed
33.( ) We are against all forms of hunting because some wild animals are in _______ of extinction（絕種）.
(A) danger (B) trick (C) wave (D) role
34.( ) A car generally has an ________ to turn energy into motion.
(A) effect (B) entry (C) elbow (D) engine
35.( ) Basic _______ with Americans is possible if you can speak a little English.
(A) achievement (B) information (C) suggestion (D) communication
____ 1. “It looks like it’s going to rain.”
“You’d better take _____ umbrella with you.”
(A) a (B) an (C) this a
____ 2. Dr. Black, a famous physician, is fond of collecting ______ toys.
(A) children’s (B) childrens’ (C) children
____ 3. Our school is famous for its excellent music instruction. We have _____
in the classrooms.
(A) lot of pianos (B) lots of pianoes (C) lots of pianos
____ 4. “Who is going to wash the ______ for Mom after dinner?”
(A) dishs (B) dishes (C) dish
____ 5. The house is a complete mess. ______ must have broken in last night.
(A) hieves (B) Thieve (C) Some thief
____ 6. Over the past ten years, the number of people using email as ______
Of communication has increased.
(A) means (B) meanes (C) a means
_____ 7. Parents _______ in bringing up their children, who will never learn appreciate this until they become parents themselves.
(A) took great pain (B) take great paines (C) take great pains
_____ 8. Every ____ must be taught to behave well.
(A) a child (B) a children (C) child
_____ 9. To the best of my knowledge, Einstein has been one of the greatest ______
Of all time.
(A) scientist (B) scientists (C) the scientist
_____ 10. Of the twenty ______in this class, only three have parents that are divorced.
(A) persones (B) person (C) people
_____ 11. That old friend of _____ is a famous professor. He teaches history in a tip university. (A) Paul (B) Paul’s (C) Pauls’
_____ 12. “Look! What are those?”
“They are _______ grazing in the field.”
(A) sheepes (B) a sheep (C) sheep
_____ 13. It may be harmful to your health if you drink ________.
(A) many too (B) too many (C) too much
_____ 14. _______ should do their part to help those who are less fortunate.
(A) Rich (B) The rich (C) The riches
_____ 15. If you have any _______ about the matter, just let me know.
(A) opinions (B) an opinion (C) the opinion
_____ 16. ________ can’t be bought, but it can be earned.
(A) Friendship (B) A friendship (C) Friendships
_____ 17. ________ one of the compulsory subjects for senior high school students.
(A) Physical is (B) Physics is (C) Physics are
_____ 18. Tom is ______; he can do lots of things.
(A) a man of able (B) a man of abilities (C) a man of ability
_____ 19. The works that he painted _______ are becoming more and more expensive.
(A) in his twenties (B) in his twenty (C) in his twentys
_____ 20. The package is very fragile. Please handle it _______.
(A) with care (B) with careful (C) care
_____ 21. “What do you think of this painting.”
“I think it has ______ for improvement.”
(A) many rooms (B) many room (C) much room
_____ 22. The professor told us that our _____ are due by the end of this month.
(A) thesis (B) theses (C) thesese
_____ 23. We’ve decided to buy _____ for our living room.
(A) new furnitures (B) a new furnitures (C) new furniture
_____ 24. _______ sake, you might consider renting a car rather than taking public
(A) For convenience (B) For convenience’ (C) For convenience’s
_____ 25. ______ has passed, and Lisa is still waiting for her son to return home.
(A) Many days (B) Many day (C) Many s day
_____ 26. The government should pay more attention to ______ because they are also
Members of our society.
(A) the livelihood of the poor (B) the livelihood of the poors (C) the poor’s livelihood
_____ 27. ______ are going to Tibet to explore the local culture and customs.
(A) The Brown (B) Browns (C) The Browns
_____ 28. Through the Internet, you can obtain _____ you need.
(A) all the informations (B) all the information (C) an information
_____ 29. Last night, Peter bought two _____ for today’s breakfast.
(A) loaves of bread (B) loaf of bread (C) loaves of breads
_____ 30. After _______, the team began preparing for the next competition.
(A) a five-days rest (B) a five-day rest (c) five day rest
_____ 31. Mr. Claire, an outstading architect, is designing the museum for Mr. George Yang, ___________.
(A) a famous artist (B) is a famous artist (C) he is a famous artist
_____ 32. The professor has ______ in his left hand; his is probably left-handed.
(A) a chalk (B) a piece of chalk (C) a piece chalk
_____ 33. _______ have passed, and he still can’t find a job.
(A) Dozen of month (B) Dozens of month C) Dozens of months
_____ 34. Thunder and lighting are both natural ______ caused by electricity.
(A) phenomenons (B) phenomenas (C) phenomena
_____ 35. ________ is an important subject for science and engineering majors.
(A) The mathematics (B) Mathematices (C) Mathematics
_____ 36. It is such _____ that nobody believes it.
(A) ridiculous (B) the ridiculous stories (C) a ridiculous story
_____ 37. Don’t make _______ that you did last time.
(A) same the mistake (B) the same mistake (C) same mistakes
_____ 38. _______ that I am reading was sent by Rebecca.
(A) Email (B) An email (C) The email
_____ 39. Andrew Carnegie was one of ______ who made great contributions to
(A) The successful businessmans (B) the businessmen of success
(C) the successful businessmen
_____ 40. It is often said that _____ repeats itself.
(A) the history (B) a history (C) history
_____ 41. This bicycle of ______ is the best money can buy.
(A) sister (B) my sister (C) my sister’s
_____ 42. Achilles is one of the greatest _______ in Greek mythology.
(A) hero (B) heros (C) heroes
_____ 43. The library is _______ from here. (A) fifteen-minute walk (B) a fifteen-minute walk (C) fifteen-minute walks
_____ 44. Mary is one of ______ that affect people’s work.
(A) problem (B) a problem (C) the problems
_____ 45. “how far away is the theater?”
“It’s ______ from here.”
(A) the stone’s throws (B) stone’s throws (C) a stone’s throw
_____ 46. She’s ______ from my university days, but I didn’t really know her all that well.
(A) old an acquaintance (B) an old acquaintance (C) a old acquaintance
_____ 47. Measles is ______ that caused by a virus.
(A) infectious disease (B) a infectious disease (C) an infectious disease
_____ 48. Christmas is a holiday that celebrates ________.
(A) the birth of Jesus Christ’s (B) the birth of Jesus Christ (C) a birth of
_____ 49. Strange to say, ________ made by the doctors at the two hospitals are different.
(A) the diagnoses (B) a diagnose (C) diagnoses
____ 50. Jim wants to be ______ just like his father.
(A) learned professional (B) a learned professional (C) an learned professional